1257 Samalas Eruption

The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major eruption of the Samalas volcano, next to Mount Rinjani on Lombok Island in Indonesia.

The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major volcanic eruption of the Samalas volcano, next to Mount Rinjani on the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It left a large caldera next to Rinjani volcano, the...

NOVA - Official Website | Killer Volcanoes
Killer Volcanoes. Scientists hunt for a mega-eruption that plunged medieval Earth into a deep freeze. Airing October 25, 2017 at 9 pm on PBS Aired October 25, 2017 on PBS
Supervolcano - Wikipedia
A supervolcano is a large volcano that has had an eruption of magnitude 8, which is the largest value on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI). This means the volume of deposits for that eruption is greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles).
1815 eruption of Mount Tambora - Wikipedia
The 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora was one of the most powerful in recorded history, with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 7. It is the most recently known VEI-7 event and the only unambiguously confirmed VEI-7 eruption since the Lake Taupo eruption in about 180 AD.
World unprepared for next major volcanic eruption ...
These massive eruptions occur, on average, twice every 1,000 years, according to the study. The last major eruption (size VEI 7) happened in Indonesia in 1815 and several more eruptions on that scale occurred in the centuries before (1,450, 1,257, 946). “The next VEI-7 eruption could occur ...
Rinjani – Wikipedia
Nach Untersuchungen eines internationalen Forscherteams ist der Ausbruch des Samalas im Rinjani-Vulkankomplex im Jahr 1257 dafür verantwortlich, dass der darauf folgende Sommer 1258 in Europa von Dauerregen und Missernten geprägt war und als „Jahr ohne Sommer“ in die Geschichte einging.
Mont Rinjani — Wikipédia
Une éruption gigantesque a vraisemblablement eu lieu en 1257, entraînant très possiblement un refroidissement planétaire temporaire, réduisant les récoltes et entraînant famines et affaissements démographiques, au moins dans l'hémisphère nord [4], [5].
Éruption du Tambora en 1815 — Wikipédia
Annexes Bibliographie. Gillen Wood (en), Tambora. The Eruption that changed the world, Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2014.En français : L'Année sans été.
Did 58 Scientific Papers Published in 2017 Say Global ...
An article on Breitbart News used flawed interpretations from a climate skeptic blog to amplify a grossly inaccurate understanding of climatological research.
Die größten Vulkanausbrüche aller Zeiten - chronologisch ...
Dekkan-Trap, Laacher See, Vesuv (Pompeji), Laki in Island, Krakatau, Montagne Pelée (Martinique), Katmai & Mount St. Helens, Pinatubo, Eyjafjallajökull
The Maya collapse: a history in three volcanoes | VolcanoCafe
Here is the story of the beginning, when there was not one bird, not one fish, not one mountain. Here is the sky, all alone. Here is the sea, all alone.